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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 10-13

Outcomes in cecal volvulus: Does age affect outcomes in patients who undergo surgery?


1 Department of Surgery, TriHealth Hospital, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
2 TriHealth Hatton Research Institute, TriHealth Hospital, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ashley M Tameron
Department of Surgery, TriHealth, 375 Dixmyth Ave, Cincinnati, Ohio 45220
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/WJCS.WJCS_40_18

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Background: Colonic volvulus is a rare cause of bowel obstruction with an incidence of 2%–10%. Cecal volvulus accounts for 10%–40% of cases, with a mean age of 53 years. There is a paucity of literature reporting how older patients with cecal volvulus fair relative to their younger counterparts. Objective: The goal of our study is to evaluate the outcomes after surgical resection in patients ≥50 years old with cecal volvulus. Design: The design of the study was to collect the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) data and analyze primary outcomes. Settings: These data were collected from NSQIP database focusing on patients with cecal volvulus. Materials and Methods: We utilized the NSQIP database. We identified volvulus by ICD-9 code 560.2. We selected patients with cecal volvulus who underwent surgical resection by specifying the CPT codes for open and laparoscopic right hemicolectomy. Main Outcome Measures: The primary outcomes were mortality and major and minor postoperative complications. Student's t-test was used to compare continuous variables. Chi-square and Fisher's exact tests were used to compare categorical variables. Sample Size: Analyzing the NSQIP database from 2010 to 2015, 1220 patients were identified. Results: 21.8% of patients were <50 years old and 78.2% were ≥50 years old. Patients aged ≥50 years had higher rates of comorbid conditions. There was no significant difference in mortality between the two groups or major and minor complications. Patients aged ≥50 years had a longer length of total hospital stay, i.e., days from operation to discharge. Conclusion: Cecal volvulus is an uncommon reason for bowel obstruction with unclear outcomes in elderly patients in the literature. Our study demonstrates no differences in outcomes after surgical intervention for cecal volvulus. Limitations: Limitations of this study include large database collection and selection bias. As we specifically included right hemicolectomy, this excludes patients who underwent nonresection intervention.


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